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研究进展—Topographic changes and their driving factors after 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
发布时间: 2018-03-30  

Congrong Li a, MingWang a,b,, Kai Liu a,b, Jun Xie a

a State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology/Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University,

Beijing 100875, China

b Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disasters, Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

 

Abstract: The 2008Wenchuan Earthquake caused topographic change in the stricken areas because of the occurrence of numerous coseismic landslides. The emergence of new landslides and debris flows and movement of loose materials under the driving force of high rainfall could further shape the local topography. Currently, little attention has been paid to continuously monitoring and assessing topographic changes after the major earthquake. In this research, we obtained an elevation dataset (2002, 2010, 2013 and 2015) based on digital elevation model (DEM) data and a DEM extracted from ZY-3 stereo paired images with validation by field measurement. We quantitatively assessed elevation changes in different years and qualitatively analyzed spatiotemporal variation of the terrain and mass movement across the study area. The results show that the earthquake affected area experienced substantial elevation changes caused by seismic forces and subsequent rainfalls. High rainfall after the earthquake have become the biggest driver of elevation reduction,

which overwhelmed elevation increase caused by the major earthquake. Increased post-earthquake erosion intensity has caused large amounts of loose materials to accumulate in river channels, and gullies and on upper-middle mountain slopes, which increases the risk of flooding and geo-hazards in the area.

 

Keywords: Topographic change, Earthquake, Rainfall, Mass movement

 

Published in Geomorphology, 311 (2018) 27–36

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X18301296

 


 
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